Terminology of rhinoplasty plastic surgery
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Terminology of rhinoplasty plastic surgery

Get to know more about terminology of rhinoplasty. A list of the most useful terms of rhinoplasty a professional needs to know. Get advice of by Dr Hamidreza HOSNANI about Rhinoplasty, plastic surgery, nose surgery, nose job terminology.
When you decide to do a rhinoplasty, the first step is to do some researches and increase your knowledge about rhinoplasty. It helps you choose the best nose surgeon, reduce your stress before surgery and increases your comfort after surgery while you are recovering. Using the internet, reading the doctors' websites and their e-book brochures are your best sources of information. However, there are some new terms that you need to learn to be able to understand their advice. You can get the terminology of rhinoplasty here.

Nasal deformities

bulbous tip
نوک بینی پیازی
A bulbous nasal tip refers to a tip that is too rounded or wide in relation to the remainder of the nose
bulbous tip
bump
قوز بینی
a bone (red) above the scalloped grey line, and cartilage (blue) below the scalloped grey line
bump
crooked nose
بینی کج
The crooked nose is characterized by a typical bump at the tip. The tip also faces sideways giving it a crooked look.
crooked nose
depression between nose and forehead
فرورفتگی بین بینی و پیشانی
the sinked space between nose and forehead
depression between nose and forehead
Deviated nasal septum (DNS)
انحراف تیغه بینی، انحراف داخلی بینی
Septum that is misaligned and displaced to one side.
Deviated nasal septum (DNS)
asymmetry
عدم تقارن
lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something; lack of symmetry.
asymmetry
droopiness
افتادگی نوک بینی
the lack of strength or firmness or resiliense for the tip of the nose
droopiness
external deviation
انحراف ظاهری
In deviated nose, all of the nasal structures have grown crookedly and the nose looks twisted
internal deviation
انحراف داخلی
in this kind of deviation, the septum leans toward left or right.
internal scar tissue
بافت زخمی داخل بینی
Adhesions are defined as internal scar tissue that may form as part of the body`s healing process after surgery. They can also be caused by pelvic infection and endometriosis. Adhesions join together tissues and organs that are not normally connected
nasal deformity
بدشکلی بینی
Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease
over projection of the nasal tip
برجستگی بیش از حد نوک بینی
the condition in which the distance along a perpendicular line from the vertical facial plane of the profile view to the most anterior point of the nasal tip is too long
under projection
کوتاهی بیش از حد نوک بینی
the condition in which the distance along a perpendicular line from the vertical facial plane of the profile view to the most anterior point of the nasal tip is too short
Saddle Nose Deformity
بینی زینی شکل
Nasal deformity resulting from over-aggressive nasal surgery by poorly-skilled surgeon

Surgical operations

blepharoplasty
جراحی زیبایی چشم
surgical repair or reconstruction of an eyelid
chin augmentation
عمل تقویت چانه
a surgical operation to alterthe underlying structure of the face, using surgical implants, providing better balance to the facial features
aesthetic rhinolasty
جراحی زیبایی بینی
a kind of rhinoplasty concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
revision rhinoplasty
عمل بینی ترمیمی
Revision rhinoplasty is mainly intended to correct the problems of nose that persist after a previous unsuccessful rhinoplasty.
facelift
جراحی کشیدن پوست صورت
a cosmetic surgical operation to remove unwanted wrinkles by tightening the skin of the face
lipofilling
لیپوفیلینگ
a procedure to enhance the size of cheeks and lips, reduce the hollowness around eyes and correct the facial scars
endoscopic surgery
آندوسکوپی
Endoscopic surgery uses scopes going through small incisions or natural body openings in order to diagnose and treat disease
nasal malfunctioning surgery
جراحی برای اصلاح عملکرد بینی
nasal malfunctioning surgeries are done for two types of problems: 1-deviated septum 2-nasal polyps
nose retouch
عمل جراحی ترمیمی بینی
the second surgery of the nose
Rhinoplasty
رینوپلاستی، جراحی بینی، جراحی زیبایی بینی، جراحی پلاستیک بینی
Plastic surgery of the nose usually performed for cosmetic purposes. It is also called nose surgery and nose job
Rhinoplasty
Revision (secondary) rhinoplasty
جراحی بینی ترمیمی، عمل ترمیمی بینی، عمل رتوش بینی
Rhinoplasty procedure which is performed to correct minor or severe problem that persists or develops after a previous rhinoplasty
Open Rhinoplasty
جراحی بینی با روش باز
Technic of rhinoplasty during which the surgeon employs trans-columellar incision (an incision at the base of the nose right between the two nostrils)
Closed Rhinoplasty
جراحی بینی با روش بسته
Technic of rhinoplasty during which all of the surgical incisions are positioned inside the nostrils
otoplasty
عمل جراحی گوش
a surgical operation to restore or enhance the appearance of an ear or the ears.
septoplasty
سپتوپلاستی
a corrective surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum, the partition between the two nasal cavities

Rhinoplasty general terms

aesthetic side effects
عوارض زیبایی جراحی بینی
Saddle shaped nose, ^ shapes (reverse V shapes) at the bone-cartilage intersection, Damage to the nose skin, Excessively-thin nasal tip, Highly raised nasal tip, Too small nostrils, Increase or decrease of the nasal septum, are the examples of aesthetic side effects.
cartilaginous nose
بینی غضروفی
nose with thin skin and thick cartilage
functional side effects
عوارض عملکردی جراحی بینی
Stuffiness inside the nose, Deviated nasal septum, Narrowness of inferior nasal turbinate, Narrowness of the superior nasal turbinate, Largeness of nasal remi, Damage to the tear duct are examples of functional side effects.
Cartilage Graft
گرافت های غضروفی، غضروف های پیوندی
Pieces of cartilage used to strengthen and reshape the nasal skeleton
meaty nose
بینی گوشتی
nose with thick skin and thin cartilage
rib
دنده
each of a series of slender curved bones articulated in pairs to the spine (twelve pairs in humans), protecting the thoracic cavity and its organs.
dissolvable stitches
بخیه های جذبی
stitches used to sew the internal incisions of nose
fancy result
جراحی بینی با نتیجۀ فانتزی
the result in which the nose seems fancy after surgery
nasal incision
برش زیر بینی
an incision made along the columella in an external rhinoplasty approach
nasal irrigation
شستشوی بینی
Nasal irrigation or nasal lavage or nasal douche is the personal hygiene practice in which the nasal cavity is washed to flush out excess mucus and debris from the nose and sinuses
nasal splint
آتل بینی
a plastic hard covering that protects the new nose and helps the bone and nasal cartilages stay fixed and do not move during the recovery time after rhinoplasty
nasal tampon
تامپون بینی
a thin dressing lubricated with ointment
natural result
جراحی بینی با نتیجۀ طبیعی
the result in which the nose seems natural after surgery
neti pot
قوری شستشوی بینی
a container designed to rinse debris or mucus from your nasal cavity
normal stitches
بخیه های معمولی
stitches applied for repairing external incisions of nose.
otorhinolaryngologist
متخصص گوش، حلق و بینی
a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
recovery period

period after surgery when the patient needs to be closely monitored to ensure that its return to normal is uneventful
slide-shaped nose
بینی سرسره ای
a kind of bad nose deformity resulted from too much reduction of bone/cartilage
tape
چسب زدن به بینی
fasten or attach a narrow strip of material on the nose after rhinoplasty.
trauma
آسیب دیدگی
physical injury
upwarded nose
بینی سربالا
In an upwarded nose, the nostril in the frontal view appears round and obvious
Computer Imaging
طراحی کامپیوتری بینی
Modifying of the patient’s digital photograph using Photoshop or other computer software in order to show an estimation of the final result to the patient
Internet consultation (Virtual visit)
مشاوره اینترنتی
Process of uploading the photos from front view and both side view’s to get the Dr. Hosnani’s opinion about your nose surgery
pre-operation care unit
اتاق مراقبتهای قبل از عمل
Before the surgery begins, the patient is brought to the pre-operation care unit and receives a serum containing nutrient and calming medicines to remove the feeling of thirst, hunger and stress before the surgery
Nasal tampon
تامپون بینی
Narrow bandage immersed in pomade which is inserted inside the nostrils after rhinoplasty as a packing to prevent bleeding
Nasal tampon
nasal graft
پیوند داخل بینی
A nasal graft is either a piece of cartilage, cartilage and skin (composite graft), or soft tissue (as in temporalis fascia) used in rhinoplasty to either support lost tissue from a previous rhinoplasty to correct collapsing areas or are used in primary rhinoplasty to create more definition in the nose in ethnic or thick skin patients
General anesthesia
بی هوشی عمومی
Medically induced loss of consciousness and feeling of pain using a combination of intravenous drugs and inhaled gasses (anesthetics)
General anesthesia
smaller nose kit
کرم ها و دستگاه های کوچک کننده بینی
nose size reduction creams used for making the meaty nose smaller
stitch
بخیه
a loop of thread or yarn resulting from a single pass or movement of the needle in sewing, knitting, or crocheting

External anatomy of the nose

Nostrils
سوراخ های بینی، حفره بینی
Either of the two external openings of the nose
Septum
سپتوم، تیغه بینی
Cartilage that separates the nostrils and the left and right nasal airways.
Septum
Columella
کولوملا، ستونک بینی
Small column composed of skin and medial crura situated between the nostrils
Columella
Nasal Dorsum (bridge of the nose)
پشت بینی
The upper two-thirds of the nose consisting of the cartilage and bone
Nasal Dorsum (bridge of the nose)
Columella
کولوملا، ستونک بینی
The narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils as seen from base view
ala
پره های بینی
Walls of the nostrils are called alae (= plural of ala). Alae are responsible for keeping the nasal cavities open.
ala
bridge of the nose
پل بینی
the name given to the upper, bony part of the nose, overlying the nasal bones
dorsum
پشت بینی
The distance between tip and root of the nose
nasal base
پایه بینی
An imaginary line between the most lateral points of the external inferior attachments of the alae nasi to the face
nasal cavity
حفره بینی
a large air filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face
nasal dome
قوز پشت بینی
The hinge-point (apex) of each alar cartilage formed by the junction of the intermediate and lateral crus
nasal wing
پره بینی
the flared portion of each side of the nose; a nasal ala.
nose walls
دیواره های جانبی بینی
Lateral walls are located on each side of the nose. The lower half of these walls is made up of cartilage and the upper part is made up of bone
radix area
نقطه تقاطع بینی و پیشانی
connection area between nose and forehead

Internal anatomy of the nose

Cartilage
غضروف
A firm, flexible connective tissue which is the forming component of the nasal structure.
Cartilage
mucous membrane
مخاط بینی
an epithelial tissue which secretes mucus, and lines many body cavities and tubular organs including the gut and respiratory passages
nasal mucosa
مخاط بینی
a type of tissue that lines the nasal cavity
nasal turbinate
شاخک بینی
a long, narrow and curled bone shelf (shaped like an elongated sea-shell) that protrudes into the breathing passage of the nose
olfactory epithelium
اپیتلیوم بویایی
a specialized epithelial tissue inside the nasal cavity that is involved in smell
olfactory mucosa
مخاط بویایی
The olfactory mucosa is located in the upper region of the nasal cavity and is made up of the olfactory epithelium and the underlying lamina propria, connective tissue containing fibroblasts, blood vessels, Bowman`s glands and bundles of fine axons from the olfactory neurons.
olfactory neurons
نورون های بویایی
An olfactory receptor neuron (ORN), also called an olfactory sensory neuron (OSN), is a transduction cell within the olfactory system
pharynx
حلق
the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus
respiratory mucosa
مخاط تنفسی
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree
respiratory tract
دستگاه تنفسی، مجاری تنفسی
the passage formed by the mouth, nose, throat, and lungs, through which air passes during breathing.
sinuses
سینوس ها
Paranasal sinuses are four pairs of hallow cavities which are located around the nose .
tear duct
مجرای اشکی
a passage through which tears pass from the lachrymal glands to the eye or from the eye to the nose.



Medicines after rhinoplasty

corticoid spray
اسپری کورتون
A nasal corticosteroid spray reduces swelling and mucus in the nasal passageway. It also relieves bothersome nasal symptoms
corticosteroid
کورتیکواستروئید
any of a group of steroid hormones produced in the adrenal cortex or made synthetically. There are two kinds: glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. They have various metabolic functions and some are used to treat inflammation
dropper
قطره بینی
a short glass tube with a rubber bulb at one end and a tiny hole at the other, for measuring out drops of medicine or other liquids
nasal isotonic solution
سرم ایزوتونیک
solution with the same salt concentration as cells in the human body to gently moisturise and clear nasal passages
ointment
پماد بینی
a smooth oily preparation that is rubbed on the skin for medicinal purposes or as a cosmetic
anti nausea medicine
داروی ضد تهوع

Minor discomforts following rhinoplasty

clogging of the nose
گرفتگی بینی
the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels
feeling of nausea
احساس تهوع، حالت تهوع
a feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
nasal swelling
ورم بینی
an abnormal enlargement of nose
nasal congestion
گرفتگی بینی
the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels
nasal inflammation
التهاب پوست بینی
a localized physical condition in which the nasal skin becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection
nasal occlussion
گرفتگی بینی
the blockage or closing of nose
post nasal drips
آبریزش از عقب بینی
flow of mucous secretion from the posterior part of the nasal cavity into the throat
runny nose
آبریزش بینی
Runny nose is excess drainage, which may range from a clear fluid to thick mucus, produced by the nasal and adjacent tissues and blood vessels in the nose. The drainage of runny nose may run out of your nose or down the back of your throat or both

ENT Diseases

acute sinusitis
سینوزیت حاد
a common condition in which the cavities around nasal passages (sinuses) become inflamed and swollen — for at least eight weeks, despite treatment attempts
allergic rhinitis
رنیت آلرژیک، ورم غشاء مخاط بینی
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, caused by a virus infection (e.g., the common cold) or by an allergic reaction (e.g., hay fever)
chronic sinusitis
سینوزیت مزمن
Acute sinusitis (acute rhinosinusitis) causes the cavities around your nasal passages (sinuses) to become inflamed and swollen. This interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up. With acute sinusitis, it may be difficult to breathe through your nose
nasal polyps
پولیپ بینی
polypoidal masses arising mainly from the mucous membranes of the nose and paranasal sinuses

Facial features

lower jaw
فک پایینی
the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
upper eyelid
فک پایین
the upper part of the two muscular folds of skin that can be moved to cover the exposed portion of the eyeball
upper jaw
فک بالا
the maxilla or upper part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth. In higher vertebrates the upper jaw is fused to the cranium and the lower jaw (mandible)
Nasofrontal Angle
زاویه بینی بینی و پیشانی
The angle between the nasal bridge and the forehead as seen on profile view.
Nasolabial Angle
زاویه بینی و لب
The angle formed between the columella and the upper lip as seen on profile view.
Profile view photo
عکس نیم رخ
Face represented or seen in a side view
Profile view photo
Front view photo
عکس تمام رخ
Face represented or seen in a front view
Front view photo
lower eyelid
پلک پایینی
the lower part of the two muscular folds of skin that can be moved to cover the exposed portion of the eyeball

Skin of the nose and face

atrophy
نازک شدن پوست بینی
thinning of the nasal skin
elasticity
انعطاف پذیری، انعطاف
the ability of skin to resume its normal shape after being stretched or compressed
fat cells
سلولهای چربی
cells in loose connective tissue that are specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat
fat cleaning
تصفیه چربی جداشده از بافت
the stage of cleaning the extracted fat by passing through special filters and washing by special serum to separate oil, blood and local anesthetic medicine from the fat cells
fat extraction
جداسازی چربی از بافت
the first step of lipofilling process during which the fat is extracted from the body
fat injection
تزریق چربی
the stage of injecting the extracted fat to the target areas (skinny parts of the face, wrinkle, etc).
hypo-pigmented nasal skin
پوست بینی کم رنگ
Hypopigmentation of Skin presents as poorly defined whitening of the skin, which is irregular in outline
intra cellular fluid
مایع میان سلولی
a fluid within cell membranes throughout most of the body, containing dissolved solutes that are essential to electrolytic balance and to healthy metabolism. Also called intracellular water.
pimple

a small hard inflamed spot on the skin
wrinkle
چروک پوست
a slight line or fold in skin

Blood related terms

blood vessel
رگ خونی
a tubular structure carrying blood through the tissues and organs; a vein, artery, or capillary
blood vessel
hematocrit
هماتوکریت
the ratio of the volume of red blood cells to the total volume of blood
hemoglobin
هموگلوبین
a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates. Its molecule comprises four subunits, each containing an iron atom bound to a heme group
hemoglobin test
آزمایش هموگلوبین
A hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in your blood
hypertension
بیماری فشار خون
abnormally high blood pressure.
microcapillary
مویرگ
any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules
partial thromboplastin time
تست ptt
A partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test is used to evaluate blood`s ability to clot
platelet level
سطح پلاکت
the amount of platelet in the blood
prothrombin time
تست pt
Prothrombin time (PT) is a blood test that measures how long it takes blood to clot
thromboplastin
ترومبوپلاستین
an enzyme released from damaged cells, especially platelets, that converts prothrombin to thrombin during the early stages of blood coagulation
thrombosis
ترومبوز
local coagulation or clotting of the blood in a part of the circulatory system
clotting problem
مشکل لختگی خون
a kind of bleeding disorder which expresses the inability to form a proper blood clot
blood coagulation system
سیستم انعقاد خون
The blood coagulation system is composed of cells, proteins and processes that mediate blood clotting

Non ENT Diseases

anemia
کم خونی
a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
anemia
cardiovascular disease
بیماری عروقی
Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke
cardiovascular disease
healing problem
مشکل بهبودی

osteoporosis
پوکی استخوان
a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D

Other medical terms cited in the website

borderline characteristic
شخصیت های مرزی
a mental health disorder that generates significant emotional instability. This can lead to a variety of other stressful mental and behavioral problems.
appendectomy
برداشتن زائده آپاندیس یا آویزه
a surgical operation to remove the appendix
astigmatism
آستیگماتیسم
a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focus
double vision
دوبینی
the simultaneous perception of two images, usually overlapping, of a single scene or object
fetus
جنین
an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception
hyperthyroidism
کم کاری تیروئید
overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in a rapid heartbeat and an increased rate of metabolism
lasik eye surgery
عمل لیزیک چشم
LASIK eye surgery is the most common type of refractive surgery. Refractive surgery changes the shape of the dome-shaped transparent tissue (cornea) at the front of your eye
myopia
نزدیک بینی
the quality of being short-sighted
narcissistic people
خود برتر پندار
People who are diagnosed with a narcissistic personality disorder are characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance. They have a sense of entitlement and demonstrate grandiosity in their beliefs and behavior. They have a strong need for admiration, but lack feelings of empathy.
retina detachment

a controversial concept in speed reading referring to the angular span (vertically and horizontally), within which the human eye has sharp enough vision to read text
vague vision
دید کم
Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine detai
vision span
میدان دید

allergen
ماده حساسیت زا
a substance that causes an allergic reaction
allergen
artificial respiration apparatus
دستگاه تنفس مصنوعی
a technical equipment to provide the necessary oxygen of body in a controlled manner while the patient is unconsious

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