When you decide to do a rhinoplasty, the first step is to do some researches and increase your knowledge about rhinoplasty. It helps you choose the best nose surgeon, reduce your stress before surgery and increases your comfort after surgery while you are recovering. Using the internet, reading the doctors' websites and their e-book brochures are your best sources of information.
However, there are some new terms that you need to learn to be able to understand their advice. You can get the terminology of rhinoplasty here.
نوک بینی پیازی A bulbous nasal tip refers to a tip that is too rounded or wide in relation to the remainder of the nose
قوز بینی a bone (red) above the scalloped grey line, and cartilage (blue) below the scalloped grey line
بینی کج The crooked nose is characterized by a typical bump at the tip. The tip also faces sideways giving it a crooked look.
depression between nose and forehead
فرورفتگی بین بینی و پیشانی the sinked space between nose and forehead
Deviated nasal septum (DNS)
انحراف تیغه بینی، انحراف داخلی بینی Septum that is misaligned and displaced to one side.
عدم تقارن lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something; lack of symmetry.
افتادگی نوک بینی the lack of strength or firmness or resiliense for the tip of the nose
انحراف ظاهری In deviated nose, all of the nasal structures have grown crookedly and the nose looks twisted
انحراف داخلی in this kind of deviation, the septum leans toward left or right.
internal scar tissue
بافت زخمی داخل بینی Adhesions are defined as internal scar tissue that may form as part of the body`s healing process after surgery. They can also be caused by pelvic infection and endometriosis. Adhesions join together tissues and organs that are not normally connected
بدشکلی بینی Abnormalities of the nose acquired after birth from injury or disease
over projection of the nasal tip
برجستگی بیش از حد نوک بینی the condition in which the distance along a perpendicular line from the vertical facial plane of the profile view to the most anterior point of the nasal tip is too long
کوتاهی بیش از حد نوک بینی the condition in which the distance along a perpendicular line from the vertical facial plane of the profile view to the most anterior point of the nasal tip is too short
Saddle Nose Deformity
بینی زینی شکل Nasal deformity resulting from over-aggressive nasal surgery by poorly-skilled surgeon
جراحی زیبایی چشم surgical repair or reconstruction of an eyelid
عمل تقویت چانه a surgical operation to alterthe underlying structure of the face, using surgical implants, providing better balance to the facial features
جراحی زیبایی بینی a kind of rhinoplasty concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
عمل بینی ترمیمی Revision rhinoplasty is mainly intended to correct the problems of nose that persist after a previous unsuccessful rhinoplasty.
جراحی کشیدن پوست صورت a cosmetic surgical operation to remove unwanted wrinkles by tightening the skin of the face
لیپوفیلینگ a procedure to enhance the size of cheeks and lips, reduce the hollowness around eyes and correct the facial scars
آندوسکوپی Endoscopic surgery uses scopes going through small incisions or natural body openings in order to diagnose and treat disease
nasal malfunctioning surgery
جراحی برای اصلاح عملکرد بینی nasal malfunctioning surgeries are done for two types of problems: 1-deviated septum 2-nasal polyps
عمل جراحی ترمیمی بینی the second surgery of the nose
جراحی بینی ترمیمی، عمل ترمیمی بینی، عمل رتوش بینی Rhinoplasty procedure which is performed to correct minor or severe problem that persists or develops after a previous rhinoplasty
جراحی بینی با روش باز Technic of rhinoplasty during which the surgeon employs trans-columellar incision (an incision at the base of the nose right between the two nostrils)
جراحی بینی با روش بسته Technic of rhinoplasty during which all of the surgical incisions are positioned inside the nostrils
عمل جراحی گوش a surgical operation to restore or enhance the appearance of an ear or the ears.
سپتوپلاستی a corrective surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum, the partition between the two nasal cavities
Rhinoplasty general terms
aesthetic side effects
عوارض زیبایی جراحی بینی Saddle shaped nose, ^ shapes (reverse V shapes) at the bone-cartilage intersection, Damage to the nose skin, Excessively-thin nasal tip, Highly raised nasal tip, Too small nostrils, Increase or decrease of the nasal septum, are the examples of aesthetic side effects.
بینی غضروفی nose with thin skin and thick cartilage
functional side effects
عوارض عملکردی جراحی بینی Stuffiness inside the nose, Deviated nasal septum, Narrowness of inferior nasal turbinate, Narrowness of the superior nasal turbinate, Largeness of nasal remi, Damage to the tear duct are examples of functional side effects.
گرافت های غضروفی، غضروف های پیوندی Pieces of cartilage used to strengthen and reshape the nasal skeleton
بینی گوشتی nose with thick skin and thin cartilage
دنده each of a series of slender curved bones articulated in pairs to the spine (twelve pairs in humans), protecting the thoracic cavity and its organs.
بخیه های جذبی stitches used to sew the internal incisions of nose
جراحی بینی با نتیجۀ فانتزی the result in which the nose seems fancy after surgery
برش زیر بینی an incision made along the columella in an external rhinoplasty approach
شستشوی بینی Nasal irrigation or nasal lavage or nasal douche is the personal hygiene practice in which the nasal cavity is washed to flush out excess mucus and debris from the nose and sinuses
آتل بینی a plastic hard covering that protects the new nose and helps the bone and nasal cartilages stay fixed and do not move during the recovery time after rhinoplasty
تامپون بینی a thin dressing lubricated with ointment
جراحی بینی با نتیجۀ طبیعی the result in which the nose seems natural after surgery
قوری شستشوی بینی a container designed to rinse debris or mucus from your nasal cavity
بخیه های معمولی stitches applied for repairing external incisions of nose.
متخصص گوش، حلق و بینی a specialist in the disorders of the ear or nose or throat
period after surgery when the patient needs to be closely monitored to ensure that its return to normal is uneventful
بینی سرسره ای a kind of bad nose deformity resulted from too much reduction of bone/cartilage
چسب زدن به بینی fasten or attach a narrow strip of material on the nose after rhinoplasty.
آسیب دیدگی physical injury
بینی سربالا In an upwarded nose, the nostril in the frontal view appears round and obvious
مشاوره اینترنتی Process of uploading the photos from front view and both side view’s to get the Dr. Hosnani’s opinion about your nose surgery
pre-operation care unit
اتاق مراقبتهای قبل از عمل Before the surgery begins, the patient is brought to the pre-operation care unit and receives a serum containing nutrient and calming medicines to remove the feeling of thirst, hunger and stress before the surgery
تامپون بینی Narrow bandage immersed in pomade which is inserted inside the nostrils after rhinoplasty as a packing to prevent bleeding
پیوند داخل بینی A nasal graft is either a piece of cartilage, cartilage and skin (composite graft), or soft tissue (as in temporalis fascia) used in rhinoplasty to either support lost tissue from a previous rhinoplasty to correct collapsing areas or are used in primary rhinoplasty to create more definition in the nose in ethnic or thick skin patients
بی هوشی عمومی Medically induced loss of consciousness and feeling of pain using a combination of intravenous drugs and inhaled gasses (anesthetics)
smaller nose kit
کرم ها و دستگاه های کوچک کننده بینی nose size reduction creams used for making the meaty nose smaller
بخیه a loop of thread or yarn resulting from a single pass or movement of the needle in sewing, knitting, or crocheting
External anatomy of the nose
سوراخ های بینی، حفره بینی Either of the two external openings of the nose
سپتوم، تیغه بینی Cartilage that separates the nostrils and the left and right nasal airways.
کولوملا، ستونک بینی Small column composed of skin and medial crura situated between the nostrils
Nasal Dorsum (bridge of the nose)
پشت بینی The upper two-thirds of the nose consisting of the cartilage and bone
کولوملا، ستونک بینی The narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils as seen from base view
پره های بینی Walls of the nostrils are called alae (= plural of ala). Alae are responsible for keeping the nasal cavities open.
bridge of the nose
پل بینی the name given to the upper, bony part of the nose, overlying the nasal bones
پشت بینی The distance between tip and root of the nose
پایه بینی An imaginary line between the most lateral points of the external inferior attachments of the alae nasi to the face
حفره بینی a large air filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face
قوز پشت بینی The hinge-point (apex) of each alar cartilage formed by the junction of the intermediate and lateral crus
پره بینی the flared portion of each side of the nose; a nasal ala.
دیواره های جانبی بینی Lateral walls are located on each side of the nose. The lower half of these walls is made up of cartilage and the upper part is made up of bone
نقطه تقاطع بینی و پیشانی connection area between nose and forehead
Internal anatomy of the nose
غضروف A firm, flexible connective tissue which is the forming component of the nasal structure.
مخاط بینی an epithelial tissue which secretes mucus, and lines many body cavities and tubular organs including the gut and respiratory passages
مخاط بینی a type of tissue that lines the nasal cavity
شاخک بینی a long, narrow and curled bone shelf (shaped like an elongated sea-shell) that protrudes into the breathing passage of the nose
اپیتلیوم بویایی a specialized epithelial tissue inside the nasal cavity that is involved in smell
مخاط بویایی The olfactory mucosa is located in the upper region of the nasal cavity and is made up of the olfactory epithelium and the underlying lamina propria, connective tissue containing fibroblasts, blood vessels, Bowman`s glands and bundles of fine axons from the olfactory neurons.
نورون های بویایی An olfactory receptor neuron (ORN), also called an olfactory sensory neuron (OSN), is a transduction cell within the olfactory system
حلق the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus
مخاط تنفسی The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree
دستگاه تنفسی، مجاری تنفسی the passage formed by the mouth, nose, throat, and lungs, through which air passes during breathing.
سینوس ها Paranasal sinuses are four pairs of hallow cavities which are located around the nose .
مجرای اشکی a passage through which tears pass from the lachrymal glands to the eye or from the eye to the nose.
Medicines after rhinoplasty
اسپری کورتون A nasal corticosteroid spray reduces swelling and mucus in the nasal passageway. It also relieves bothersome nasal symptoms
کورتیکواستروئید any of a group of steroid hormones produced in the adrenal cortex or made synthetically. There are two kinds: glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. They have various metabolic functions and some are used to treat inflammation
قطره بینی a short glass tube with a rubber bulb at one end and a tiny hole at the other, for measuring out drops of medicine or other liquids
nasal isotonic solution
سرم ایزوتونیک solution with the same salt concentration as cells in the human body to gently moisturise and clear nasal passages
پماد بینی a smooth oily preparation that is rubbed on the skin for medicinal purposes or as a cosmetic
anti nausea medicine
داروی ضد تهوع
Minor discomforts following rhinoplasty
clogging of the nose
گرفتگی بینی the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels
feeling of nausea
احساس تهوع، حالت تهوع a feeling of sickness with an inclination to vomit.
ورم بینی an abnormal enlargement of nose
گرفتگی بینی the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels
التهاب پوست بینی a localized physical condition in which the nasal skin becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection
گرفتگی بینی the blockage or closing of nose
post nasal drips
آبریزش از عقب بینی flow of mucous secretion from the posterior part of the nasal cavity into the throat
آبریزش بینی Runny nose is excess drainage, which may range from a clear fluid to thick mucus, produced by the nasal and adjacent tissues and blood vessels in the nose. The drainage of runny nose may run out of your nose or down the back of your throat or both
رنیت آلرژیک، ورم غشاء مخاط بینی inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, caused by a virus infection (e.g., the common cold) or by an allergic reaction (e.g., hay fever)
سینوزیت مزمن Acute sinusitis (acute rhinosinusitis) causes the cavities around your nasal passages (sinuses) to become inflamed and swollen. This interferes with drainage and causes mucus to build up. With acute sinusitis, it may be difficult to breathe through your nose
پولیپ بینی polypoidal masses arising mainly from the mucous membranes of the nose and paranasal sinuses
فک پایینی the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
فک پایین the upper part of the two muscular folds of skin that can be moved to cover the exposed portion of the eyeball
فک بالا the maxilla or upper part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth. In higher vertebrates the upper jaw is fused to the cranium and the lower jaw (mandible)
زاویه بینی بینی و پیشانی The angle between the nasal bridge and the forehead as seen on profile view.
زاویه بینی و لب The angle formed between the columella and the upper lip as seen on profile view.
Profile view photo
عکس نیم رخ Face represented or seen in a side view
Front view photo
عکس تمام رخ Face represented or seen in a front view
پلک پایینی the lower part of the two muscular folds of skin that can be moved to cover the exposed portion of the eyeball
Skin of the nose and face
نازک شدن پوست بینی thinning of the nasal skin
انعطاف پذیری، انعطاف the ability of skin to resume its normal shape after being stretched or compressed
سلولهای چربی cells in loose connective tissue that are specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat
تصفیه چربی جداشده از بافت the stage of cleaning the extracted fat by passing through special filters and washing by special serum to separate oil, blood and local anesthetic medicine from the fat cells
جداسازی چربی از بافت the first step of lipofilling process during which the fat is extracted from the body
تزریق چربی the stage of injecting the extracted fat to the target areas (skinny parts of the face, wrinkle, etc).
hypo-pigmented nasal skin
پوست بینی کم رنگ Hypopigmentation of Skin presents as poorly defined whitening of the skin, which is irregular in outline
intra cellular fluid
مایع میان سلولی a fluid within cell membranes throughout most of the body, containing dissolved solutes that are essential to electrolytic balance and to healthy metabolism. Also called intracellular water.
a small hard inflamed spot on the skin
چروک پوست a slight line or fold in skin
Blood related terms
رگ خونی a tubular structure carrying blood through the tissues and organs; a vein, artery, or capillary
هماتوکریت the ratio of the volume of red blood cells to the total volume of blood
هموگلوبین a red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood of vertebrates. Its molecule comprises four subunits, each containing an iron atom bound to a heme group
آزمایش هموگلوبین A hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in your blood
بیماری فشار خون abnormally high blood pressure.
مویرگ any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules
partial thromboplastin time
تست ptt A partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test is used to evaluate blood`s ability to clot
سطح پلاکت the amount of platelet in the blood
تست pt Prothrombin time (PT) is a blood test that measures how long it takes blood to clot
ترومبوپلاستین an enzyme released from damaged cells, especially platelets, that converts prothrombin to thrombin during the early stages of blood coagulation
ترومبوز local coagulation or clotting of the blood in a part of the circulatory system
مشکل لختگی خون a kind of bleeding disorder which expresses the inability to form a proper blood clot
blood coagulation system
سیستم انعقاد خون The blood coagulation system is composed of cells, proteins and processes that mediate blood clotting
Non ENT Diseases
کم خونی a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
بیماری عروقی Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke
پوکی استخوان a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D
Other medical terms cited in the website
شخصیت های مرزی a mental health disorder that generates significant emotional instability. This can lead to a variety of other stressful mental and behavioral problems.
برداشتن زائده آپاندیس یا آویزه a surgical operation to remove the appendix
آستیگماتیسم a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature, which results in distorted images, as light rays are prevented from meeting at a common focus
دوبینی the simultaneous perception of two images, usually overlapping, of a single scene or object
جنین an unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception
کم کاری تیروئید overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in a rapid heartbeat and an increased rate of metabolism
lasik eye surgery
عمل لیزیک چشم LASIK eye surgery is the most common type of refractive surgery. Refractive surgery changes the shape of the dome-shaped transparent tissue (cornea) at the front of your eye
نزدیک بینی the quality of being short-sighted
خود برتر پندار People who are diagnosed with a narcissistic personality disorder are characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance. They have a sense of entitlement and demonstrate grandiosity in their beliefs and behavior. They have a strong need for admiration, but lack feelings of empathy.
a controversial concept in speed reading referring to the angular span (vertically and horizontally), within which the human eye has sharp enough vision to read text
دید کم Lack of sharpness of vision with, as a result, the inability to see fine detai
ماده حساسیت زا a substance that causes an allergic reaction
artificial respiration apparatus
دستگاه تنفس مصنوعی a technical equipment to provide the necessary oxygen of body in a controlled manner while the patient is unconsious